Mystras is a well-preserved Byzantine ruined city. One hour's drive from Kalamata. It is a World Heritage Site and is protected by Unseco. The journey through the Taygetos Mountains alone is a stunner. The serpentines wind around mountain after mountain. It goes up and down all the time, which makes the trip quite exhausting. But the stunning scenery compensates for that strain on every kilometer driven. This is where nature and culture meet and forms a unit. One of our most captivating impressions of our tour.
Mystras was built as a result of martial events in the years 1245-1278 during the time of the Franconian crusaders. In the battle for supremacy in the Peloponnese with Byzantium, Prince Guillaume II de Villehardouin succeeded in conquering Laconia ( This region of the Peloponnese).
To secure them, the castles, such as Monemvasia and Mystras, were built. The success did not last long and the Franks had to relinquish the castles to Byzantium.
The city has developed into an important center. Members of the Imperial House from Constantinople represent the governors in the Palace of Mystras. The palace in the upper town is rebuilt and enlarged many times. The fortified settlement is said to have housed several thousand people.
With the conquest of Constantinople to the Turks, the meaning of Mystra also declined. The former center for humanities comes under Turkish administration. Minarets now shape the cityscape. In 1770, at the behest of the Turks, Albanian troops began to destroy Mystras, and the Greek struggle for freedom helped.
Today you can still imagine the importance of this place in the history of the Peloponnese.
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