Corinth is located about 80 km southwest of the capital Athens. The third largest city in the Peloponnese has about 35,000 inhabitants today. Old Corinth lies at the foot of the Acro Corinth mountain cone. Unfortunately, almost only the Roman buildings are still well preserved. Acro Corinth, the rock cone at 575 m, is very interesting. It was the Acropolis of Corinth. The city wall reflects different epochs. It is the oldest castle fortress in the Peloponnese. The temple of Aphrodite was also on the summit. The Dorians saw an advantageous place for their trade here and built the city of Corinth "Korinthos" in the 1st millennium BC.
1858 An earthquake destroyed the settlement of Corinth, the new Corinth had developed in and around the site of ancient Corinth.
The gateway to the Peloponnese is the headland (strait) in Greek = "Isthmos". The Isthmos (strait) has been only 6 km wide since prehistoric times, it was a traffic hub for trade. Corinth became the most populous city in the region. The city and its inhabitants were very export-oriented. Especially in the trade in ceramics. Corinth founded many city-states, i.e. on Sicily and mainland Italy, in Albania and in today's western Greece.
The 5.6 km long canal was created in 1881-94 by French and Greek engineers. The wall height is 76 m. (Today there are always people practicing bungee jumping on the bridges over the strait.)
This strait had been contested by many states because they saw the strategic advantage. The city built its barier walls 480 BC so the seeking for capture from persers Thebans and 279 against the Celts co8ult be prevented. Even later in late antiquity, the city had to defend its borders.
Parts of the barrier wall can still be seen today. This barrier was later built by the Roman Emperor Marcian in the 5th century BC and were expanded from Emperor Justian in the 6th century.
The excavation area of the city and the museum are in the southern district. The Poseidon sanctuary (near the village "Kiravrissi") with the Doric ring hall temple from the 4th century BC should also be seen. The water drainage system, the stadium's launch facility and the Roman bath with stucco-covered ceilings from the 4th century AD are well preserved. The wine-growing region of the famous greek wine "Nemea" is also worth seeing in this region. A road leads from the Acrokorinth castle rock through the scenic wine-growing region of Nemea.
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