Epidaurus, 4th century BC BC is the largest ancient theater in Greece. It is located on the west side of the Peloponnese, in the Argolis region. Epidaurus is about 25 km from Nauplia and 65 km from Athens. Epidaurus was not just a theatre, it was a place of worship and healing center, a mild microclimate since ancient times. The slightly elevated location and surrounding pine forests contributed to this. The religious center of the sanctuary was the "Asclepius Temple". Asclepius was the god of doctors, the god of healing.
In ancient Greece there was a 500 Asclepius place of worship. The god of healing powers was also brought with the symbols of the underworld together with the snakes. Since he brought the dead to life, Zeus killed him because he brought too much disorder. Asclepius, the god of healing, was always represented with the snake staff in ancient times. Asclepius' snake staff is still considered a symbol of medicine today. Anyone who thinks that music therapy and aromatherapy is a modern art of healing is wrong.
Even then, the ancient Greeks recognized the healing arts of music and the healing powers of sleep. During major epidemics, Asclepius Temple was sought to be healed by these forces. The Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus exerted an influence on all the Asklepieia in the Hellenic world, and later, on all the Roman sanctuaries of Esculape.
It has been shown that epidemics have really been combated. The healers left offerings such as gold and valuable ivory to thank the god of healing. The sanctuary was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. Later in the Time of Rome, the Romans believed in this healing art themselves and rebuilt the sanctuary and the Epidaurus. 426 AD. Christianity in Chr. Closed the complex. Today, international festivals take place in the Epidaurus Theater in July & August. A visit to the festival is an unforgettable experience. The Epidaurus Theater has space for 14,000 spectators. It nestles very harmoniously into the landscape. And the acoustics are awesome. I sat at the top and heard a coin drop. There is nothing comparable and it should also be on the program of every visitor to Greece.
The Theatre of Epidaurus is an architectural masterpiece designed by the architect from Argos, Polykleitos the Younger, and represents a unique artistic achievement through its admirable integration into the site as well as the perfection of its proportions and acoustics. The Theatre has been revived thanks to an annual festival held there since 1955.
The form and material of Epidaurus’ Theatre characterize it as one of the most authentic among the known theatres of the ancient world. The Stadium preserves almost 90% of its ancient form and material. The other numerous monuments of the Sanctuary have preserved many elements of their design and material in such a way that construction can be ascertained according to their ancient form. The interventions in some of the most significant structures have been made in accordance with the international principles of restoration with respect to the legibility of the edifices and to the principle of reversibility. The Sanctuary’s location and setting has been almost entirely preserved so that visitors are still able to experience the spiritual character of the site.
The Sanctuary of Asklepios and Apollo Maleatas is protected under the provisions of Law No 3028/2002 on the “Protection of Antiquities and Cultural Heritage in general”. Since 1984 it has been incorporated in a zone of absolute protection, in which no building activity is permitted (Presidential Decree 18.11.1983). This zone is surrounded by a wider zone with obligatory controls for the issue of building or construction permits. In 2012, there was an expansion of the designated area of the archaeological site (Ministerial Decision in Government Gazette: 220/ AAP/ 15-6-2012), covering the broader area beyond the Sanctuary, thus extending the monitoring. The greater part of the area in which the Sanctuary was developed during the Antiquity belongs to the Greek state.
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